Black History: December 1, 1955

On this day 58 years ago, Rosa Parks loaded a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, taking a seat in the front of the black section of the bus. As the bus rode along its route, it began to fill up and Parks was asked to give her seat up to a white man. After refusing, she was arrested and a few days later she was charged.

On this same day, the Montgomery Improvement Association was founded by a group of African Americans. Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was place as its leader and they began what came to be known as the "Montgomery Bus Boycott." For 381 days African Americans, which made up roughly two-thirds of the riders,  boycotted the Montgomery buses. The boycott ended on November 13, 1956 after the Supreme court ruled Montgomery's segregated bus policy unconstitutional.


Document A: Police Report
The police who arrested Rosa Parks filled out this official report about the arrest.
Date 12-1-1955
Complainant: J.F. Blacke (wm)
Address: 27 No. Lewis St. . . .
Offense: Misc. . . .
Date and Time Offense Committed: 12-1-55 6:06 pm
Place of Occurrence: In Front of Empire Theatre (On Montgomery Street). . . .
We received a call upon arrival the bus operator said he had a colored female sitting in the white section of the bus, and would not move back.
We (Day & Mixon) also saw her.
The bus operator signed a warrant for her. Rosa Parks, (cf) 634 Cleveland Boul. Rosa Parks (cf) was charged with chapter 6 section 11 of the Montgomery City Code.

Warrant #14254
Officers: F.B. Day, D.W. Mixon Division: Patrol
Time: 7:00 pm

Source: Police Department, City of Montgomery. December 1, 1955. 

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